摘要：The main characteristics of high-skill talents of human capital is specific human capital. Shortage of skilled talents in China is mainly due to the value ＂deviation＂ in the labor market, which increases human capital investment risk. In high-skill talents cultivation of dislocation and some institutional obstacles has also increased the shortage of skilled talents. According to the human capital of skilled talents features, we can build reasonable high-skill talents assessment system, and the reasonable allocation of education institutions, government, enterprises and individuals, then build multivariate share modes of human capital investment of high-skill talents to alleviate the high-skill talent shortage in China.%高技能人才的人力资本特性更多的表现为专用性人力资本。我国高技能人才短缺的主要原因是高技能人才的市场价值存在＂偏离＂,从而使投资风险加大;在高技能人才培养上的错位和一些体制性障碍也加剧了高技能人才的短缺。根据高技能人才的人力资本特征建立合理的高技能人才人力资本评价体系,并合理配置政府、各类教育机构、企业和个人的资源,形成高技能人才人力资本投资的多元分担模式,进而构建高技能人才人力资本投资风险防范体系是缓解我国高技能人才短缺的可行途径。
摘要：in the whole process of teaching Chinese as a foreign language, the traditional structure of class of teaching Chinese as a foreign language has been changed due to the introduction of audiovisual multimedia teaching tools. The structure of audiovisual multimedia class of teaching Chinese as a foreign language is mainly composed of two parts, class situation structure and class teaching structure. The structures of both class situation and class teaching in teaching Chinese as a foreign language have their own characteristics.%在对外汉语教师的全程授课中,由于电化教学工具的介入,原有传统的对外汉语教学课堂结构就发生了变化。对外汉语教学电化式课堂结构主要由课堂情境结构和课堂教学结构两部分组成。对外汉语教学课堂情境结构、课堂教学结构都有其自身的特点。
摘要：国内外学者对银行业系统性风险测量进行了深入研究。银行业系统性风险可以通过银行不良贷款率、资本充足率等指标的变化来反映。实证分析表明，目前我国银行业系统性风险处于相对安全区间，但今后的潜在隐患不容忽视。将来亟需通过多种措施建立系统性风险的识别和处理机制，从根本上防范和化解银行业系统性风险。%The domestic and international scholars have carried on the thorough research to the banking system risk. The banking system risk can be reflected by passing the rate of bad loan and capital of bank etc. The analysis of substantial evidence indicates that the banking system risk in China is placed in the opposite safe zone currently, but the latent hidden trouble should not be neglected. It is necessary to establish identifiable and resoluble mechanism, which guards against and dissolve the banking system risk by the root.
摘要：Non-governmental finance refers to the spontaneous private financial activity which is exclusive of the conventional supervising system of the financial supervising organs of the People＇s Bank of China, thus lacking of governmental co-ordination and guide. Rural non-governmental finance acts as an active support in the economic development, and also it brings up negative influence. Therefore as we face up to its objective existence, we should incorporate it into the national unified financial supervising system, clarifying its legal status by legislation.%民间金融是指没有纳入中国人民银行等金融监管机构的常规监管体系，并缺乏政府协调和指导的民间自发的金融活动。民间金融对于经济发展既有积极的支持作用，也产生一定的负面影响。因此，应在正视其存在的客观性的同时，通过立法明确其地位，并逐步将其纳入我国统一的金融监管体系。
摘要：马克思主义中国化的提出开始了共产党人用实事求是的眼光观察中国并解决中国的实际问题，在解决民主革命的问题和社会主义经济建设的问题的过程中分别产生了两次飞跃，其重要理论成果就是毛泽东思想和中国特色社会主义理论。邓小平南方谈话的“五个创新”是对马克思主义中国化的进一步深入和具体化，是着眼于开创社会主义新局面的新探索，全面解决了“什么是社会主义和怎样建设社会主义”的问题，突破了苏联模式并结束了“姓资与姓社”、“计划与市场”的思想纷扰。在全面推进市场化进程中不断推进我国的经济发展进程。%The thought of Marxism in China brought forward party thought of China and resolving China＇s problems in practical leaps resulted in the process of resolving the problems of democracy that Chinese and realistic communist way. Two revolution and problems of socialism economic construction, the important theories is Mao Tse-Tung＇s thoughts and Chinese characteristic socialism theory. The five innovations of Deng Xiaoping＇s ＂Southcm Talk＂ is the penetration and concrete for the theory of ＂Marxism in China＂, which is aiming for new exploration on creating socialism new development, totally resolving the problems of ＂what is socialism and how to develop socialism＂, breaking through Russia mode and ending the thought disturbance of ＂capitalism or socialism＂, ＂ planning or marketing＂. China＇s economic developing procession being promoted step by step in the process of marketing trend.
摘要：传统物权客体理论具有局限性。面对环境危机，其特定性和排他性理论应予相应修正，物权客体的范畴应进行相应扩展。环境资源作为物权客体，面临对物的生态价值的追求和对物的概念的理解两个困境；但由于环境具有成为物权客体所必须具备的有用性、特定性和可支配性特点，及具备代为物权客体所必需的可度量性，环境资源作为物权客体具有可行性。%The theory of traditional property rights＇object has limitations.In the face of environmental crisis,its specific and exclusive characteristics should be accordingly amended,and the object of property rights category should be accordingly extended.Environmental resources as the object of property rights faces two puzzledom：the pursuit of the ecological value of property and understanding of the concept of property.Environmental resources as the object of property rights is feasible,because the environment that is to become the object of property rights must be useful,specific and can be dominant characteristics,and may be necessary to measure.
摘要：全球气候变暖给人类社会生活安排造成了巨大冲击。合作减排以应对气候变化成为国际气候谈判的核心议程。由于根本哈根气候大会取得的成果有限，全球气候谈判几乎陷入停滞状态，需要从新的视角思考减缓气候变化的政策问题。在人权成为普世价值的当今世界，基于国际人权法的性质探索国家在气候变化语境里应该承担的尊重、保护与实现人权的义务，从而构建起人权保护与应对气候变化互动关系的理想图景。%Global warming has impacted human social arrangement.Cooperation in mitigation of greenhouse gas has been a core agenda.Copenhagen Conference with limited results demonstrated a stalling of global climate negotiation.A new perspective need to be established to consider policy of mitigating global warming.Human right has been a universally recognized value.Based on the nature of international human rights law we studied the duty to respect,protect and fulfill human rights and construct an ideal picture of mutual interrelationship of human rights and climate change.
摘要：Tax rebate policy as a national economic policy to encourage and expand export and optimize resource allocation, promote enterprise growth and development, boosting the national economy as a very important role. The export tax rebate as a trade policy should be a neutral, but carries too much regulation and control policy objectives. In this context, to sort out the basic theory and related literature in research methods and ideas of export tax rebate policy, in order to further research China＇s export tax rebate policy to find out some new inspirations.%出口退税政策作为国家的一项经济政策，对鼓励和扩大出口创汇、优化资源配置、推进企业成长发展、拉动国民经济起到了十分重要的作用。出口退税作为一项本应属于中性的贸易政策，却承载着过多的调控政策目标。在这种背景下，对出口退税政策的基本理论和相关文献中的研究方法和观点进行梳理，为我国进一步研究出口退税政策找到新的启示。
摘要：Government is important for responsibility the times change, the responsibility of Government is co marketing and socializing does not entirely adapt to the d social assistance, be responsibilities subje assistance, in other cau et, subject of socia nstantly changing. evelopment model se of the specificity social assistance Government must take the full respon words, government responsibility return ssistance, with The trend of of the current and the ability o sibility in the curr vision subject f present ent social of social assistance.%政府是我国社会救助中重要的责任主体，随着时代的变化，政府所承担的责任是在不断发展变化的。社会救助责任社会化、市场化的趋势并不完全适应目前社会救助事业的发展模式，由于社会救助本身的特殊性和目前责任主体综合能力的考量，政府在目前的社会救助事业中应该承担全面责任，也就是我国社会救助责任主体划分中政府责任的回归。
摘要：费希特是浪漫主义最重要、最直接的精神导师，他的主观唯心主义哲学滋养了许多浪漫主义的核心人物，为他们的创作思想和方法涂上了一层鲜亮的自我哲学色彩，并促使他们彻底摆脱了古典主义教条的束缚。费希特对浪漫主义文学的积极影响主要有四个方面：一、对自我的解放；二、反讽创作观和人生态度；三、风格即人的审美原则；四、干预现实的实践愿望。但费希特对自我主体的过分夸大也导致浪漫主义有逃避现实、走向虚无的倾向。%Fichte is the most important and direct theoretical mentor for the 19th century Romanticism, whose subjective idealism has nourished several central Romanticist figures. The Romantists adorpted Fichte＇s philosophy into their creative thinking and method, and eventually casted off the neo-classical conventions. Generally speaking, Fichte＇s positive influence upon Romanticism consists of four aspects： firstly, the liberation of the self; secondly, an ironic attitude towards art and life; thirdly, an aesthetic principle that highlights individual type; and fourthly, a practical desire to intervene social reality. However, Fichte＇s excessive exaggeration of the subjuct also negatively resulted in the Romantists＇ escapism and nihilism.
摘要：本文在对社会创业和企业社会创业研究进行总结和回顾的基础上，从内外部因素分析了企业社会创业精神在实践中的实施要素和培育途径，为公司更好的履行社会责任，实现经济效益和社会效益的双赢提供新的视野。%Based on summary and review of social entrepreneurship and corporate social entrepreneurship, the paper analyzes the implementation and cultivation of CSE from internal and external factors, which offers a new vision for companies to better fulfill their social responsibility, and achieve both economic and social value.
摘要：Imprisonment itself has kinds of shortcomings difficult to overcome, often resulting in the expulsion of criminals by society. People are social animals, so implementing penalty in an open environment is a scientific way to go. Humanity and humane reflects the concern of Humane Care of criminal law, are rules that who carries out penalty must be observed. We should also put our eyes on behavior and personality instead of only behavior. Over demoralitization leads to people＇s loss of confidence in our criminal law, so rational degree of ethics and morality should be included in the process of penalty implementation.%监禁刑罚有着种种自身难以克服的缺陷，常常造成罪犯被社会的驱逐，人是社会性动物，行刑社会化是行刑方式改革的方向之一；人性与人道体现了刑法的人文关怀，是刑罚设置与执行必须遵守的法则；刑罚的执行，其关注焦点应从单纯地考察行为转变为行为和行为人的人格因素并重；刑罚执行中过度的去伦理道德化导致刑法的公众认同危机，伦理道德成份的合理回归值得肯定。
摘要：马克思的人本主义思想是无产阶级人本主义思想的代表，其内涵深刻，特征明显，在其演进过程中呈现出三大“统一”特征：批判性继承与历史性超越的科学统一；科学抽象与思维具体的逻辑统一；价值因素与科学因素的辩证统一。论析马克思人本主义思想演进过程中的三大“统一”特征，有利于我们深刻理解和把握马克思人本主义思想的科学内涵，对指导当今以人为本的中国特色社会主义建设事业实践具有重要的现实意义。%Marxist human-orientation thoughts are proletariat＇s human-orientation thoughts with profundity connotation and apparent features. In their evolution there are three ＂unity＂ features that are critical inheritance and historic transcendence scientifical unity, scientific abstraction and thinking concretion logically unity, science factor and value factor dialectical unity. Analysis on three ＂unity＂ features in evolution of Marxist human- orientation thoughts help us to deeply understand and master the scientific content of Marxist human-orientation thoughts, which has important significance to guide today＇s people-orientation socialism practice with Chinese characteristics.
摘要：On September 28,2010,the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology published a report named by ＂Energy Concept for an Environmentally Sound,Reliable and Affordable Energy Supply ＂,to present to the energy development road map for Germany in the middle of this century.This paper introduces the main points of the report,analyzes the characteristics of China and Germany from the unified planning,power grid construction and renewable energy economy,in order to provide the inspiration for renewable energy development in China.%2010年9月28日，德国联邦经济与技术部发布了《能源战略2050——清洁、可靠和经济的能源系统》报告，提出了德国至本世纪中叶能源发展路线图。本文梳理了该能源战略的要点，重点围绕可再生能源和电网发展，从统一规划、电网建设、可再生能源经济性等方面深入分析了我国和德国各自的特点，以期对我国可再生能源的发展提供启示。
摘要：在考量我国现有对于前科消灭制度的基础上，对德州乐陵法院的模式展开思考，从主导机关、程序设计、证明标准、考察模式和证明标准等方面进行分析，采用更为稳定的影响因素和证明标准来对于类行政审批程序的前科消灭机制进行重构，以期实现司法力量为主导、综合相关部门协同的抗辩制前科消灭考察程序，来达到社会预防和个人发展的和谐统一。%In consideration of our existing system for the criminal records elimination the authors carry out the study of the Dezhou model, from the leading agencies, program design, proven standards, study models and standard of proof, etc. The authors also analyze the impact of the use of more stable factors and certification standards for restructuring the type of administrative examination and approval procedures. The research hopes to to achieve justice for the dominant force, integrated collaboration of relevant departments of the elimination of the defense system of records inspection procedures, to achieve personal development and social harmony.
摘要：Social activities are divided into several professions which are both distinct and correlative by the division of labor in society, and the academic profession is one of them. Academic profession is a kind of specialized occupation which takes advanced knowledge as its object of study, and with the process of historical changes, its function and structure have been changing continually, thus a multileveled and wide-ranged profession is gradually formed. In this ceaseless process, the function of universities of different levels and types has led to the classification in academic profession, while the stocking and value increment of knowledge applied by college teachers have led to the stratification of academic profession. That is to say, the applications of advanced knowledge in schools and teachers of different levels and types, and in different professional subjects, as well as the status difference among teachers can be all presented in the classification and stratification of academic profession.%社会分工将社会活动分裂成若干种不同而又相互联系的职业，学术职业是其中一种。学术职业作为以高深知识为工作对象的特定职业，在历史变迁过程中其功能和结构在不断地发生变化，逐渐形成了一个多类型多层级的职业。学术职业的分类与高校组织定位和教师个体发展旨趣相关，而高校学术职业的分层分级更多依赖教师的高深知识存量与价值增量，是对教师学术能力和学术贡献相对大小的评价。学术职业的分类分层体现了不同层类的学校，不同学科专业以及不同层类的教师处理高深知识方式的不同，体现出不同层级教师之间的地位差异。
摘要：当前美国家庭社会工作的核心目标就是促进儿童的健康成长，主要内容有弹性制的儿童教育，以家庭为工作对象的儿童医疗，重视家庭作用的儿童保护，弥补家庭不足的社会福利，强调专业支持的社会服务。美国家庭社会工作的发展历史，及其现在的专业内容，对于我国社会工作的专业化和职业化，具有较强的借鉴意义。多方的共同参与，广泛的服务领域，促进社会发展的目标，是我国发展社会工作必须面对的课题。%The core objectives of American family social work in the current is to promote children＇s healthy development. The main contents include flexible system of education for children, family for working objects of child care, the role of the family child protection, to make up for lack of family social welfare, emphasizing the professional support of social services. It is a strong reference for Chinese social work specialization and professionalization that the history of the development of American family social work, and now the main contents. Multi-party participation, a wide range of services, promoting social development objective is the subject of social work in China would have to face.
摘要：针对我国煤炭工业发展中存在的问题以及产业结构调整的需要，矿业权整合有其必要性，本文对矿业权整合的法律法规进行了分析，对矿业权整合的政策进行了梳理，指出在矿业权整合中应坚持私法本位、公益优先、程序正义、利益平衡的价值取向。%For resolving the problems in the China＇s coal industry development and meeting the need of industrial restructuring,mining integration were necessary,this article analyses the laws,regulations and policies of the integration of mining rights,and point out that the legislation and policy-making of integration of mining rights should adhere to the value orientation of the private law-based,public priorities,procedural justice,the interests of balance in the mining integration.
摘要：Yongwu Poetry is an imporant category in the ancient poetry. There are different Yongwu Poetry in different dynasties. Though the name of Yongwu Poetry appeared after Tang Dynasty, the sense of the chinese literary style of Yongwu poetry is just in pre Qin times. The Yongwu Poetry originates from the describtion of Book of Odes. The Book of Odes has important impact on the Yongwu Poetry in later generations. It opens the Chinese ancient Yongwu Poetry of catastrophes.%咏物诗是我国占代浩大的诗歌王同中的一个重要门类，历朝历代几乎都有咏物诗佳作。尽管咏物诗名称出现于唐代以后，但作为文学文体意义上的咏物诗则萌芽于先秦时期。《诗经》中虽然还没有真正意义上的咏物诗，但它在描摹物态、借物喻人、托物起兴等方面对后世咏物诗产生了重要的影响，因此可以说《诗经》在咏物诗的流变发展过程中的导源作用不可忽视，它开启了中国古代咏物诗发展的序幕。