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The metacolonial state: Pakistan, the Deoband `ulama and the biopolitics of Islam.

机译:跨殖民国家:巴基斯坦,迪奥班德·乌拉马和伊斯兰的生物政治。

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摘要

The Metacolonial State is a genealogical project that is concerned with understanding the nature of political space in contemporary Pakistan. My contention is that political Islam, and specifically the Deoband and Taliban `ulama, have taken on an increasingly biopolitical character. As "a history of the present" I show how the crisis in Pakistan today is itself a manifestation of the biopoliticization of Islam. While the Deoband `ulama remain the primary thematic subject and focus of the work, they are largely signposts towards a broader attempt to disclose a cartography of power. Within the multiplicity of Islamist practices in Pakistan, the Deoband movement has emerged as one of the most highly organized and yet remarkably polycentric institutions that claim orthodox religious authority. Until September 11 2001, scholarship on political Islam in Pakistan had been focused on 'modernist' and 'fundamentalist' movements; traditional `ulama were considered to be politically and culturally insignificant. The dramatic rise of the Taliban and its fateful alliance with Al-Qaeda have however resulted in a proliferation of new discourses about the `ulama, their traditions and educational institutions. Precisely because of the imperial gaze directed towards the control, reform and regulation of Islam, this study places our understanding of Islamist politics within a broader, complex, and overlapping set of governmentalities and competing sovereign powers. The work aims to be a material, embodied history and politics of the `ulama as a form of power. I argue that while `ulama practices have undergone a series of dramatic transformations since 1947, these cannot be understood in isolation from the broader militarization of political space; hence the need for opening this investigation with an analysis of the mullah-military complex that emerged in the 1980's. The 'metacolonial' is itself a neologism that articulates two influential critical paradigms: Foucault's concern with biopolitics and governmentality and Agamben's illuminating thesis on sovereign power, bare life and the state of exception. Pakistan is shown to be an exemplary space of biopolitical sovereignty where the state of exception takes on a near permanent localization and where distinctions between dictatorship and democracy, between 'secular' and 'religious' forces becomes indistinct.
机译:元殖民国家是一个谱系研究项目,致力于了解当代巴基斯坦政治空间的本质。我的观点是,政治伊斯兰教,尤其是迪奥班和塔利班的乌拉马,已经具有越来越多的生物政治特征。作为“现在的历史”,我展示了今天的巴基斯坦危机如何本身就是伊斯兰的生物政治化的体现。尽管Deoband'ulama仍然是工作的主要主题和重点,但它们在很大程度上是更广泛地揭示权力制图的路标。在巴基斯坦的多种伊斯兰习俗中,迪奥班运动已成为拥有最高正统宗教权威的组织最严密但又非常明显的多中心机构之一。直到2001年9月11日,巴基斯坦政治伊斯兰的奖学金一直集中在“现代主义者”和“原教旨主义者”运动上。传统的“乌拉玛”被认为在政治和文化上微不足道。塔利班的迅速崛起及其与基地组织的结盟导致了关于“乌拉马”,其传统和教育机构的新论述的泛滥。正是由于朝着控制,改革和管制伊斯兰的帝国主义注视,这项研究使我们对伊斯兰政治的理解成为了一个更广泛,复杂和重叠的政府和相互竞争的主权国家之间的理解。该作品旨在成为作为一种力量形式的“乌拉马”的物质,具体的历史和政治。我认为,“自1947年以来,极乐世界的做法经历了一系列戏剧性的转变,但不能将其与政治空间更广泛的军事化相隔离。因此,有必要通过对1980年代出现的毛拉-军事复合体的分析来开始这项研究。 “元殖民”本身就是一个新词,表达了两个有影响力的批判范式:福柯对生物政治和政府性的关注,以及阿甘本关于主权权力,光秃秃的生活和例外状态的启发性论点。巴基斯坦被证明是生物政治主权的典范空间,其中例外状态几乎处于永久性本地化,独裁与民主之间,“世俗”和“宗教”力量之间的区别变得不明显。

著录项

  • 作者

    Jan, Najeeb A.;

  • 作者单位

    University of Michigan.;

  • 授予单位 University of Michigan.;
  • 学科 Religion, General.;South Asian Studies.;Political Science, General.;Islamic Studies.;History, Asia, Australia and Oceania.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2010
  • 页码 397 p.
  • 总页数 397
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 ;
  • 原文服务方 国家工程技术数字图书馆
  • 关键词

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