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Gender differences in leadership style: A study of leader effectiveness in higher education.

机译:领导风格中的性别差异:高等教育领导者效能研究。

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摘要

This study examines gender differences in leadership style and the influence of these differences on perceived leader effectiveness in higher education. Leadership style is defined in gendered terms, which include traditionally agentic styles for men and communal styles for women, and therefore transformational and transactional leadership styles are closely examined. Data were gathered from a two-stage national survey of college presidents and their senior-level leaders, faculty, and administrators from over 200 postsecondary institutions in the United States to analyze these differences in leadership style and leader effectiveness.;Multiple block regression analyses demonstrate that gender has a mild correlation with perceived effectiveness, with female presidents being slightly more likely to be perceived as effective leaders. In addition, transformational leadership, which is often connected with communal leadership behaviors, is highly correlated with leader effectiveness. These findings are consistent with the literature in that transformational leaders that exert communal and relational leadership behaviors are usually viewed as more effective leaders than their transactional counterparts that enact agentic behaviors. Finally, institutional context also has a strong relationship with perceived effectiveness for both leaders and subordinates. The research results have implications for transformational leadership training, mentoring, fostering female leadership, and improving institutional context.
机译:这项研究探讨了领导风格上的性别差异以及这些差异对高等教育中感知领导者效能的影响。领导风格是用性别来定义的,传统上包括男性的代理风格和女性的公共风格,因此,对变革型和交易型领导风格进行了仔细研究。数据是通过对美国200多个专上学院的校长及其高层领导,教职员工和管理人员进行的为期两阶段的全国性调查收集的,以分析这些领导风格和领导者效率的差异。多块回归分析表明性别与感知效率之间存在温和关联,女性总裁被认为是有效的领导者的可能性略高。此外,通常与社区领导行为有关的变革型领导与领导效能高度相关。这些发现与文献相符,因为相比于执行代理行为的交易对手,发挥公共和关系领导行为的变革型领导者通常被视为更有效的领导者。最后,制度背景与领导者和下属的感知效率也有密切关系。研究结果对变革型领导力培训,指导,培养女性领导力以及改善机构环境具有重要意义。

著录项

  • 作者

    Antonaros, Mary E.;

  • 作者单位

    University of Michigan.;

  • 授予单位 University of Michigan.;
  • 学科 Education, Leadership.;Education, Higher.;Education, Administration.;Business Administration, Management.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2010
  • 页码 239 p.
  • 总页数 239
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 ;
  • 原文服务方 国家工程技术数字图书馆
  • 关键词

    ;

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